Maternal and Child Nutrition (pre and postpartum, infant nutrition)


João Silva Martins


Specialized in Surgical-Functional Nutrition


Food care is important for anyone and at all stages of life, but pregnancy is a particularly important period. What the mother-to-be eats will influence the correct development of the fetus. Por isso, mais do que comer em maior quantidade, uma grávida deve dar o dobro da atenção àquilo que ingere.

Therefore, more than eating in larger quantities, a pregnant woman should pay twice as much attention to what she ingests.

Prepartum Diet

Losing or being overweight can be harmful to the health of both mother and child.

In the first trimester, as well as in each subsequent month, the expected mother is to gain between 1.5 kg to 2 kg, ending up with 7 kg to 15 kg more than she had at the beginning of the pregnancy.

Some infections can be transmitted by food and you need to pay extra attention. Listeriosis and toxoplasmosis are some of the infections that a nutritionist can help to “escape” through simple care in the pre-partum diet.

Eating out can be a challenge, as we don’t always know how much care is taken in other people’s kitchens.

Postpartum Diet

Finding a balance between regaining the line and ensuring that you continue to give your baby the necessary nutrients after birth is not always an easy task. Once again, the advice of a nutritionist becomes a key part of advising the most suitable postpartum diet.

Omega 3, for example, are essential fatty acids for the baby’s cognitive development and responsible for the active prevention of postpartum depression.

Colic, which is so common in babies, can be avoided by correcting maternal nutrition.

In addition to these details, many others will be explained by a professional who takes maternal and child nutrition into account, as everything you eat will be very important for both you and your baby.

Child Nutrition

As soon as the main food for children is no longer breast milk, other issues arise. What will be the most correct diet? How is it guaranteed that the child will not develop childhood obesity? How do you get the child to eat?

Studies indicate that 60% of obese children will also be obese in adulthood. Therefore, it is necessary to pay close attention to the food given to children and their nutritional education.

It also sometimes happens that children do not want to eat. Some parents end up giving in and replacing healthy foods with poorer ones. This situation is equally bad for the child’s development. Once again, monitoring by a nutritionist can make all the difference.

A balanced, varied and complete diet is the answer to good physical and cognitive development. But nutritional needs vary depending on factors such as growth rate, gender or physical activity.