Disease Nutrition


João Silva Martins


Specialized in Surgical-Functional Nutrition


Nutrition of Diseases(diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular, inflammatory bowel diseases, autoimmune).

Nowadays we hear about diseases that seem new to us, because they are rarer. Many of them are the result of contemporary food choices and other factors, so there is a direct relationship between nutrition and disease. Therefore, there is nothing more natural than alleviating symptoms through food, taking it into account in the treatment plan for certain diseases.

Type 2 diabetes results from insufficient production of insulin or resistance to its action. This causes an increase in blood sugar levels and, consequently, numerous health problems in terms of vision, kidney function and circulation. High sugar intake and being overweight are the main culprits in type 2 diabetes.

Cardiovascular diseases are related to several factors. With regard to food, an inappropriate diet causes high blood pressure, overweight and high levels of LDL cholesterol. The reduction in the consumption of salt, saturated fats and sugars is essential, as is the increase in the consumption of vegetables and fruits.

Gastrointestinal illnesses are another widespread concern. FODMAP-rich carbohydrates are often poorly absorbed by the small intestine, eventually fermenting in the large intestine. They end up giving rise to gases that cause great discomfort. A diet low in FODMAP is the solution proposed by nutrition to combat this discomfort.

Among other causes, such as hormonal imbalance, dysregulation of thyroid metabolism (hyper or hypothyroidism) can result from inadequate consumption of minerals — such as iodine, calcium, iron and selenium — but also from overweight and obesity . As the thyroid is essential for a correct balance of metabolism, when there is an imbalance in its levels, it is important to rebalance the production of its hormones and follow an adequate nutritional plan.

Autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Crohn’s disease, vitiligo and pernicious anemia are potentiated by poor diet. Excessive consumption of pro-inflammatory foods such as sugars, refined flours or trans fats accelerates one of the main characteristics of autoimmune diseases: the loss of the immune system’s ability to distinguish external agents from those that are part of the body, attacking it.

Through nutrition, it is also possible to resolve pathologies deriving from diseases such as osteoporosis, anemia, gout or kidney failure.


Attendance (Paula Marques)

Attendance (Anabela)